Creating links in Suburban environments


#1

For the purpose of this guide ‘Suburban’ is any environment where your neighbours are close enough to be annoyed by you yelling but you don’t share a wall with them.

Guides sorted in increasing order of technical difficulty to setup.

Ethernet networks: Just wires! Easy, cheap and fast.
Short distance point to point wireless Slightly more expensive, much more flexible!
Short distance point to multipoint wireless: Connect a lot of people wirelessly
Long distance point to point wireless: For getting internet to difficult places


Connecting your Althea router to the network
#2

Ethernet Networks

Cat6 (Ethernet) cables can run up to 100m or ~300 feet without and cost less than 10 cents a foot delivered. For all the great things about wireless if you can get away with it a wire will always be faster, more reliable, and cheaper.

The mesh port on your Althea router will happily accept traditional Ethernet cables as links, the real question here is.

A) can you use a Ethernet cable?
B) Do you need a rugged outdoor cable or an indoor one?
C) Should I terminate the cable myself or buy a pre-terminated one?

A) This is mostly up to you and your knowledge of the local community, in Suburban environments it’s pretty easy to bury a cable run from house to house if both property owners agree to it.

You only need to cover the cable, so keep the trench only a few inches wide and deep.

Stay away from the road or sidewalks if at all possible as they tend to have easements and various cables buried nearby. Call 811 before digging if you do so within 12 feet of a road or sidewalk. If buried infrastructure is very common in your area you may wan to call no matter what.

B) Since the cable will be running outside you will always need a rugged outdoor cable if you want it to last buried or even wall mounted for more than a year or so.

C) If you need only one cable buying it pre terminated will probably be easier. The only situation where you want to start thinking about self terminating cables is if you have half a dozen or more 100m/300ft runs in mind. If you do need to terminate a cable yourself you’ll need a crimper, some terminators, and this guide.

Links

Outdoor terminated

Outdoor self terminated

Setting Up

  1. Connect each end of the cable into a routers Mesh port

  2. Connect your computer to the router either using the WiFi or LAN port, see setting up your Althea router for more details.

  3. Navigate to 192.168.10.1/althea and click on ‘neighbors’

  4. Now you should see a list of the connections you have with other members of the network. Notice how the bottom neighbor is providing us internet and we are providing the top neighbour internet, as symbolized by the larger bars in the connection. Compare this to how many neighbors you should have and make sure at least one provides a connection to the internet.

    If everything looks good you can proceed to setting up your Althea router or if you’ve already done that kick back and enjoy being an instant ISP!

  5. If you don’t see any neighbors on your screen double check that the cable is plugged into a mesh port on both ends. You should refer back to the pictures in step one. If the port selection looks good, try rebooting one or both of the routers. Finally you may have to try another cable as the one you are using may somehow be damaged (this is far more likely if you’ve pulled it though a wall, or buried non-outdoor cable for example)